Rome Italy History
Learn how Rome grew from a small settlement in Italy to one of the greatest empires in history. Ancient Rome grew into an empire that, at its peak, encompassed the entire Italian continent, beginning in the eighth century BC and encompassing most of modern Italy and parts of southern and central Europe. Rome was the centre of this empire, and its ruler became emperor after Augustus died in 14 A.D. The expansion continued under the rule of the Roman rulers, who ruled until the death of their ruler, Augustus II, in 16 A.D., and then again after his death.
Rome expanded during this period and also expanded during the republican period, and in 338 BC Rome gained control of the entire Italian peninsula and took control of the entire peninsula. Rome expanded in the period after the death of Augustus II in 16 AD and also after his death.
The new state filled the city with ministries and barracks, and Rome remained as an administrative center. Rome was named the capital of Italy in 1864, while Florence was the capital until 1865. The Pope recognized for the first time the Kingdom of Italy and accepted the fact that Rome is today the capital of all Italy, but Rome served as the administrative center for all new states, not just for its capital.
Rome, founded by Romulus Remus on the Tiber, was the capital of his empire, the Roman Empire, and the centre of his political and military power. In ancient times, it was the centre of political, economic, military, cultural, religious and cultural life, and is considered one of the cradle, if not the cradle, of Western civilisation. With the expansion of the Roman Empire and the recognition of Rome as the "capital" of this great Roman Empire, Rome also developed into an administrative centre. The Christian world in the Middle Ages, when Rome became a city - the State of Christ and also the homeland of Christianity in Europe and Asia.
Rome was deeply influenced by this movement and became the centre of political, economic, military, cultural, religious and cultural life in Europe and Asia. Rome escaped the great conflicts without much damage and led Italy through the rest of the 20th century. It was an important player in the development of Italian political and economic life, as well as in its cultural and religious life.
The Etruscans continued to develop after the foundation of Rome and at the time of the first triumvirate the city and the Republic were in full bloom. The Roman Republic was eventually overrun and Rome refused, as it struggled between the factions. In the 15th century, with the return of a pope, followed by a deliberately large-scale reconstruction program, with Rome at the forefront of the Renaissance.
As the Republic and Rome gained power and prestige, the city of Rome began to suffer from the war between the Roman Empire and the Etruscans and their allies in Italy.
Rome's population declined by a million, and its 1.5 million population was ended in the first two Punic wars. Rome and Carthage were rivals in trade in the western Mediterranean, and Rome maintained almost absolute dominance of the region until the Third Penal War, which ended in 146 BC, although pirate raids still prevented complete Roman control of the sea. Carthage was reduced to a Roman vassal state, but during the third Puni War, which ended in 146 BC, it was partially assimilated into Carthage.
The Punic wars, which ended with the destruction of Carthage, began in 264 BC and ended with Greece also falling under the rule of Rome. After a war against the Greek king Pyrrhus, Rome turned its back on Greece for the first time since the Second World War.
Only then did Rome return, having overtaken major cities such as Milan and Naples, and assume the old status of the leading Italian city. Rome was one of the last cities - states that became part of a united Italy, and it did so after the fall of Rome to Caesar's troops, and his invasion of Italy sparked a civil war during which Caesar emerged from life as a dictator in Rome. Romulus Augustus, deposed by Odovacar's troops, was proclaimed emperor by his troops on the eve of his death, bringing an inglorious end to a long and turbulent history of ancient Rome and Rome's status as the capital of Europe.
The arch is also located near the Colosseum and the Roman Forum and can be admired free of charge by tourists interested in the history of the Roman Empire. Get your history and heritage from famous monuments and ruins of Rome and take advantage of the evidently rich history of Rome by exploring the city's many museums, galleries, museums and art and history museums. The city, which includes the Basilica of St. Peter, the Palazzo della Repubblica and the Pantheon, covers a vast area of more than 2,000 square kilometres.